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The convent of the Sisters of the Most Holy Trinity was built between 1608 and 1617 at the wish of sister Victoria de Silva, a noblewoman who had taken the vows. As sister "Eufrosina," she first took up residence in the convent of San Girolamo in Naples and then started her own order and convent on via Costantinopoli, both of which places are in the old historic center of the city. Pope Clement VIII, who reigned from 1592-1605, gave her permission to find larger premises for a completely new convent. (Irrelevant/irreverent note: Clement's main claim to infamy was letting Giordano Bruno be burned at the stake in 1600.)
The new convent was built considerably away from the main part of the Naples of 1600, a site halfway up the Vomero hill, directly beneath the Monastery (now museum) of San Martino and the large vineyard and gardens of that institution. After the completion of the convent, work on an adjacent church was begun in 1618 under the direction of Cosimo Fanzago (1593—1678), the truly tireless architect among whose other works in Naples are the churches of the Ascension at Chiaia, Santa Teresa at Chiaia, and Santa Maria Egiziaca at Pizzofalcone.
For two centuries, the convent lived a grand existence, a pilgrimage site for royalty from all over Europe, including one such episode in 1630 when Maria of Austria enjoyed wine drawn from wells (!) specially built to make her day at the convent less spartan. The church was rebuilt in 1737 after an earthquake, and things continued until the important year of 1806, at which point the new ruler of Naples, Murat, carrying out the wishes of his brother-in-law, Napoleon, closed all monasteries and convents in the Kingdom of Naples.
In that year, the convent was converted into a military hospital and remained such even after the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1815. It continued to function as a hospital until relatively recently, and ex-ospedale militare is the only name that the premises are known by to most Neapolitans. The church was damaged in the late 1800s and subsequently converted into a pharmacy for the hospital.
location (below the present-day Corso Vittorio
Emanuele overlooking the Spanish
Quarter of Naples) and the fact that the
site was essentially abandoned a few decades ago
out of concern for the structural integrity of the
buildings has meant that this gigantic piece of
real estate has remained obscure to most
Neapolitans. That may be changing; the grounds and
convent are in the process of being restored, and
a part of the grounds are already open as the Parco dei Quartieri
Spagnoli, providing a large terrace with
a view over the city, a small playground, a stand
of trees, and a large outdoor area with a cinema
screen. What may become of the four–story convent,
itself, with its 28-arch sheltered portico (photo,
above)—a museum or a theater are two possibilities
that have been mentioned—is still very much up in
the air, but the addition of more outdoor space
for the residents of a cramped area such as the
Spanish Quarter, is already welcome news.