section of the sea front is relatively recent. The
road running along under the trees is named Via
Caracciolo, after the Neapolitan
admiral of the late 18th century. It runs from Mergellina (where this photo
was taken from) along the Villa
Comunale (the public park and once Royal Gardens of
red building directly above the trees is the Nunziatella military academy. The
road, the breakwater, this entire section of the sea front
is the result of the massive building campaign undertaken
as part of the urban renewal of
Naples in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Before that, the sea washed up to about where the
tree-line in the photo is.
[2012 update on via Caracciolo here.]